How can teachers 'make learning hard' without damaging a student's self-esteem?
Retrieval rather than re-study acts to modify your memory by making the information you practice likely to be recallable again in the future...
Being immersed in learning
Hungarian psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi advocates that teachers must move learners from apathy to flow - being immersed in learning - which balances a fine line between high-challenge, low stress. In the classroom, teachers can do this by providing students with an engineered set of tasks that are focused, self-selecting, linked to clear success criteria which includes immediate feedback.